Residence Palace Garden

Segment: Residence Palace Garden
Episode: 9
Presenter: Trevor Cochrane
TX Date: 18th April 2020

Built and decorated in the 18th Century, the Wurzburg Palace Residence features one of Europe’s most beautiful gardens.

  • Towards the end of the 18th Century, court gardener Johann Prokop Mayer was instructed to work on the Residence Court Gardens. He split the garden up, as the land was shaped awkwardly, rising steeply into the bastions.
  • Mayer divided the area into individual, self-contained gardens, with the flowerbeds framing the parterres of the gardens, all of which are now planted in their original design.
  • There are 2 main gardens here – the East and South Gardens.
  • The East Garden was developed by extending the central mid-axis of the Palace, and rises in three terraces to the tip of the bastion.
  • There is a tremendous amount of flowers grown here in the Residence’s own nursery – over 70,000 summer flowers, which are planted in the garden each May.
  • The rectangular South Garden is entirely flat, characterised by eight large, cone-shaped yews standing centrally around a circular water basin.
  • The yew trees are at their best when it comes to holding form and shape when topiaried. They grow in cooler climates, so the southern half of Australia is the best place to try and grow them.
  • The reconstructed kitchen garden was reopened to the public in 2002. 150 fruit trees were planted, laid out in the original pattern of paths and beds.
  • The kitchen gardens were vitally important to the sustenance of the owners, and were made to be productive and attractive.
  • The Residence and Court Garden were included in the UNESCO World Cultural Heritage List in 1981. This distinction placed the Palace Administration under obligation to maintain and preserve the Court Gardens in their original style.